1829 - 1886
Chester A. Arthur
Experience has shown that the trade of the East is the key to national wealth and influence. The opening of China to the commerce of the whole world has benefited no section of it more than the States of our own Pacific Slope. Veto Message of Chinese Exclusion Act
Chester Arthur was the fifth child of a fervent abolitionist preacher who moved his family from one Baptist parish to the next throughout New York and Vermont. Attending Union College, Arthur showed far more interest in extracurricular activities and political demonstrations than in his studies. As a young man, Arthur worked for one of the most prominent law firms in New York City. He was involved in two cases focusing on African American rights. One involved fugitive slaves while the other centered on segregated streetcars.
Harding, Coolidge, and immigration
Legal immigration restrictions began during the administration of Chester Arthur
Message regarding Central American canal
President Arthur explains the need for and benefits of constructing a canal in Central America connecting the Atlantic and Pacific oceans